Title 25 Chapter 14
TITLE 25 > CHAPTER 14 > SUBCHAPTER XXX-B
SUBCHAPTER XXX-B - COW CREEK BAND OF UMPQUA TRIBE OF OREGON
- Sec. 712. Definitions
- Sec. 712a. Extension of Federal recognition, rights, and privileges
- Sec. 712b. Organization of tribe
- Sec. 712c. Tribal membership
- Sec. 712d. Rules
- Sec. 712e. Certain property taken into trust
Sec. 712. - Definitions
For the purposes of this subchapter -
(1) the term ''tribe'' means the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians; and
(2) the term ''member'', when used with respect to the tribe, means a person enrolled on the membership roll of the tribe in accordance with section 712c of this title.
Sec. 712a. - Extension of Federal recognition, rights, and privileges
(a) Federal recognition
Notwithstanding any provision of the Act approved August 13, 1954 (25 U.S.C. 691 et seq.), or any other law, Federal recognition is extended to the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians. Except as otherwise provided in this subchapter, all laws and regulations of the United States of general application to Indians or nations, tribes, or bands of Indians which are not inconsistent with any specific provision of this subchapter shall be applicable to the tribe.
(b) Restoration of rights and privileges
All rights and privileges of the tribe and the members of the tribe under any Federal treaty, Executive order, agreement, or statute, or under any other Federal authority, which may have been diminished or lost under the Act approved August 13, 1954 (25 U.S.C. 691 et seq.), are restored, and the provisions of such subchapter shall be inapplicable to the tribe and to members of the tribe after December 29, 1982.
(c) Federal services and benefits
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the tribe and members of the tribe shall be eligible for all Federal services and benefits furnished to federally recognized Indian tribes upon December 29, 1982, without regard to the existence of a reservation for the tribe or the residence of members of the tribe on a reservation.
(d) Effect on property rights and other obligations
Except as otherwise specifically provided in this subchapter, no provision contained in this subchapter shall alter any property right or obligation, any contractual right or obligation, or any obligation for taxes already levied.
Sec. 712b. - Organization of tribe
(a) Organization and organic governing document
The tribe may organize for its common welfare and adopt an appropriate instrument, in writing, to govern the affairs of the tribe when acting in its governmental capacity. The tribe shall file with the Secretary of the Interior a copy of its organic governing document and any amendments thereto.
(b) New governing document or amendments or revisions of interim governing document; tribal election
Not less than one year following October 26, 1987, the tribe's governing body may propose a new governing document or amendments or revisions to the interim governing document, and the Secretary shall conduct a tribal election as to the adoption of that proposed document within one hundred twenty days from the date it is submitted to the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
(c) Approval of new governing document
The Secretary shall approve the new governing document if approved by a majority of the tribal voters unless he or she determines that such document is in violation of any laws of the United States.
(d) Interim governing document pending approval
Until the tribe adopts and the Secretary approves a new governing document, its interim governing document shall be the tribal bylaws entitled ''By-Laws of Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians'' which bear an ''approved'' date of ''9-10-78,''.
(e) Governing body pending adoption of final document
Until the tribe adopts a final governing document, the tribe's governing body shall consist of its current board of directors elected at the tribe's annual meeting of August 10, 1986, or such new board members as are selected under election procedures of the interim governing document identified at subsection (d) of this section.
Sec. 712c. - Tribal membership
Until such time as the Secretary of the Interior publishes a tribal membership roll as mandated in subsection (b) of this section, the membership of the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians shall consist of all persons listed in the official tribal roll approved on September 13, 1980, by the tribe's Board of Directors, and their descendants. Following publication by the Secretary of the tribal membership roll mandated in subsection (b) of this section, the membership of the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians shall consist of all persons listed on such roll.
(b) Preparation of membership roll by Secretary; individuals to be included
Within three hundred and sixty-five days after October 26, 1987, the Secretary shall prepare in accordance with the regulations contained in part 61 of title 25 of the Code of Federal Regulations a tribal membership roll of the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians. Such roll shall include all Cow Creek descendants or other Indian individuals who were not members of any other federally recognized Indian tribe on July 30, 1987 and who -
(1) are listed on the tribal roll referred to in subsection (a) of this section;
(2) are the descendants of any individuals listed pursuant to paragraph (1) born on or prior to December 29, 1982; or
(3) (A) are the descendants of any individual considered to be a member of the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians for the purposes of the treaty entered between such Band and the United States on September 18, 1853;
(B) have applied to the Secretary for inclusion in the roll pursuant to subsection (c) of this section; and
(C) meet the requirements for membership provided in the tribe's governing documents.
(c) Regulations governing application process
The Secretary shall devise regulations governing the application process under which individuals may apply to have their names placed on the tribal roll pursuant to paragraph 3  of subsection (b) of this section. ''(3)''.
(d) Limitation; tribal discretion; additional requirements
After publication of the roll in the Federal Register, the membership of the tribe shall be limited to the persons listed on such roll and their descendants: Provided, That the tribe, at its discretion, may subsequently grant tribal membership to any individual of Cow Creek Band of Umpqua ancestry who pursuant to tribal procedures, has applied for membership in the tribe and has been determined by the tribe to meet the tribal requirements for membership in the tribe: Provided further, That nothing in this subchapter shall be interpreted as restricting the tribe's power to impose additional requirements for future membership in the tribe upon the adoption of a new constitution or amendments thereto as provided in section 712b of this title.
 So in original. Probably should be paragraph
Sec. 712d. - Rules
The Secretary of the Interior may make such rules as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this subchapter.
Sec. 712e. - Certain property taken into trust
The Secretary of the Interior shall accept title to 2000 acres of real property and may accept title to any additional number of acres of real property located in Umpqua River watershed upstream from Scottsburg, Oregon, or the northern slope of the Rogue River watershed upstream from Agness, Oregon, if such real property is conveyed or otherwise transferred to the United States by or on behalf of the Tribe. The Secretary shall take into trust for the benefit of the Tribe all real property conveyed or otherwise transferred to the United States pursuant to this section. Real property taken into trust pursuant to this section shall become part of the Tribe's reservation. Real property taken into trust pursuant to this section shall not be considered to have been taken into trust for gaming (as that term is used in the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq.))